How is JSP include directive different from JSP include action. | Eklavya Online

How is JSP include directive different from JSP include action.

When a JSP include directive is used, the included file’s code is added into the added JSP page at page translation time, this happens before the JSP page is translated into a servlet. While if any page is included using action tag, the page’s output is returned back to the added page. This happens at runtime.